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Neuroscience

New Stem Cell Mechanism Behind Down Syndrome Discovered, Paves Way for Treatment

A team of researchers from MIT’s Alana Down Syndrome Center published results in Cell Stem Cell that pointed to a mechanistic link between Down syndrome (DS) and genome-wide transcriptional disruption. The team, led by Hiruy Meharena, revealed that senescence (the state when cells stop dividing) may play an important role in the progression of down […]

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Cardiology Immunotherapy

CAR T Cells Produced by mRNA Injection Reduce Cardiac Fibrosis, Restore Function to Heart

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine have published a method to treat cardiac fibrosis using an mRNA injection that enables an individual’s own CAR T cells to fight the disease. Background Cardiac fibrosis is a medical condition caused by many different types of heart disease that can lead to scarring and […]

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COVID-19 Immunology

As Antibodies Wane in Quantity and Efficacy, T Cells Remain Effective Against Omicron

Background As the Omicron variant of COVID-19 becomes increasingly dominant among skyrocketing cases, including in vaccinated individuals, concerns of the variant’s immune escape abilities have grown. Vaccines provoke important responses in the immune system to prevent disease, including creation of T cells and antibodies specific to the pathogen they introduce. In the case of mRNA […]

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COVID-19

Researchers Reveal Portable COVID Testing Method, Gives Results Within One Second

Researchers from the University of Florida, along with collaborators from the National Chiao Tung University, recently created the world’s fastest COVID detection test to date using a new method with antibody-infused test strips and a small circuit board. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, RT-PCR tests, commonly referred to as PCR, have been regarded […]

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COVID-19 Public Health

Recovered Patients of Severe COVID-19 Infection 233% More Likely To Die Within Year Than Negative Counterparts

Research published by University of Florida scientists in Frontiers in Medicine reported that patients (aged 18-65) who recovered from severe COVID-19 infection were 233% more likely to die within 12 months than COVID-19-negative counterparts. Methodology The study analyzed 13,638 patients in the University of Florida Health system over a 12-month period, including positive (mild, severe) […]

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COVID-19 Pharmacology

Combining a Protein Found in Milk with Benadryl Reduces SARS-CoV-2 Replication in Lung Cells by 99%

Researchers looking for prevention and treatment strategies for COVID-19 that are not impacted by SARS-CoV-2 mutations published findings in Pathogens that showed that a combination of diphenhydramine (the active ingredient antihistamine in Benadryl) with lactoferrin (an immunologically active protein found in human and cow milk) reduced SARS-CoV-2 replication by 99% in human cells. Background The […]

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Cardiology COVID-19

American Heart Association Quells Vaccine Myocarditis Fears Amid Growing Public Concern

As concerns regarding mRNA vaccine-caused myocarditis skyrocket on social media and news outlets, researchers have published a study in the American Heart Association’s Circulation journal with statistics regarding the potential side effect. Myocarditis is a condition that causes inflammation in the heart, which can weaken its ability to regularly pump blood throughout the body. It […]

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COVID-19

Mutation of Nucleocapsid, Not Spike Protein, Responsible for Delta Variant’s Increased Transmissibility

Since the emergence of the Delta variant as the world’s predominant variant of SARS-CoV-2, little has been discovered regarding its mechanism for increased transmissibility. Researchers from the Gladstone Institute of Data Science and Biotechnology (San Francisco, CA) and the Innovative Genomics Institute at UC Berkeley (Berkeley, CA) believe they have found a key site of […]

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Immunotherapy Oncology

Mass-Producible Specialized T Cells Exhibit High Cancer-Killing Efficacy, Minimized Complications

UCLA researchers have shown in preclinical studies that their mass-producible engineered invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells demonstrate promising antitumor efficacy and low immunogenicity (unwanted immune response) compared to current cell-based immunotherapy for cancer treatment. Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are specialized T cells that are notable for their speedy response to danger signals […]

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Public Health

Study Shows Reddit’s Potential as an Early Warning System for New Designer Drugs

In a new study, researchers demonstrated the use of data mining of social networks like Reddit to predict increased use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS). Reddit is a social network and media aggregator divided into subreddits pertaining to certain topics, like college football, art, movies, and world news. Niche subreddits exist for many topics, including […]